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Poorly controlled blood glucose levels increase the risk of gum disease and tooth loss by reducing the bodies ability to fight infection, making people with diabetes more susceptible to bacterial, viral or fungal infections in the mouth. Higher levels of glucose in saliva also promote the growth of plaque, which is the major cause of gum disease.


  • Root cavities
  • Gum disease
  • Tarter build-up
  • Dry mouth and cracked lips
  • Candidiasis (thrush/yeast infections)


  • Brush teeth twice a day with a high-fluoride concentrated toothpaste prescribed by a dentist.
  • Ask your dentist or pharmacist about dry mouth products.
  • Maintain regular, periodic dental cleanings that include a fluoride varnish application by a professional hygienist
  • Rinse the mouth three to four times a day with warm salt water to help heal affected tissue.
  • Avoid tobacco products.


  • Remove dentures during rest periods; soak dentures in water overnight with a cleansing tablet.
  • Every time dentures are removed, clean and brush them with a denture brush.
  • Dentures should always be labeled with the residentts name; your dentist can help.
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